How to Use a Bike Pump- Comprehensive Guide - Bike Smug

How to Use a Bike Pump- Comprehensive Guide

One of the questions that may seem easiest to answer is about the use of a bike pump. We may always say it is easy because you will connect it and pump. An alternative is to visit a station and quickly inflate it. However, pumping your bike is something you must always do. You will always find yourself in places that need your skill on the use of a bike pump. Our guide has a step to step directly on the use of a bike pump. It helps you know How to Use a Bike Pump- Comprehensive Guide.

First of all, we need to understand the types of pumps. It is helpful because it will guide us on the practical choice of pumps.

How to Use a Bike Pump- Comprehensive Guide

Types of pumps and their uses

Floor pump

This is a kind of taller pump, and you will use it while on the floor. The advantage of this pump is that you will use it to fill up your tube quickly. It has more pressure hence ideal for use in tires that have a larger capacity.

Stand pump

A stand pump is one that you will hold on to your feet as you pump. It is ideal for use by motorcycles and vehicles. You can also use it on your bike. However, it works on tires that need a lower pressure.

Hand pumps

A hand pump is lovely because of its portability. You will, therefore, conveniently travel with it from one place to another for emergency fixing. It is not ideal for daily use because its capacity is lower, and it takes some time to inflate your bike fully. The effort is therefore needed to achieve full inflation.

Mini pumps

Mini pumps are also highly portable and easier to use. They have a small air chamber hence consuming some time before you thoroughly do the inflation. You will, however, love using them when you need to fill up your slightly deflated bike quickly.

Frame pump

As your cycle, you may need to have a stop and inflate your tires. This model is ideal because it is slender and has a long pump. The loveliest it possesses is that you will do a few strokes to have your bike ready for use.

Carbon iv oxide inflators

You will appreciate the natural design of these inflators. They are good at offering quick airflow hence filling up the tube quickly. They are efficient and quick, incredibly when you are filling a few tires.

Understanding the working of a cycle pump

Pumps generally work by compressing the air within them. It then gets pushed through the tires to the tube. A valve voluntarily opens, allowing the air in and locks to stop the release of air.

Pressing the pump several times ends up pushing adequate air through the tire, making it fully inflated. Some pumps make everything more manageable because you can monitor the amount of air in the tire. Once fully inflated, you will safely remove the pump without losing the inflated air.

Step to step process of using a bike pump

Step 1. Assess and determine the type of pump you will need to use

You can easily understand the type of pump to use by checking on the tire valve. There are two kinds of valves you need to be familiar with. A Schrader valve is darker and looks like the one used in cars.

A Presta Valve has a skinny design and is tall. It also features a small nut on the top. Each valve, therefore, supports specific pumps. You will, therefore, need a fair assessment to determine which is the best to use.

Step 2. Determine the amount of pressure your bike tire needs

Over inflating is dangerous because it brings about discomfort when riding and may lead to a tire burst.  You, therefore, need to check on the maximum capacity. You will need the recommendations on the amount of air it accommodates, then consider factors such as your weight.

Step 3. Remove the cap on the tire valve

Rotating the nut is easy as it is the way to remove the cap on the valve. Ensure you safely place the nut to avoid having it getting lost.

Step 4. Attach the pump to the valve

This step is the easiest to do. You will, however, need to take some caution. Always ensure that the nozzle is firm and pressed down towards the valve. When pumping, ensure that there is no air escaping.

In case there is any air escaping, you will need to detach the pump and redo the fixing.

Step 5. Inflate the tire

Inflation is a straightforward process at this point. You will need to pull the handle of the pump and press it. As you inflate the tire, ensure that you observe the optimal limit of the tire.

If there is a tire gauge, you will easier achieve the mission. If not, you can always use your fingers to text for the rigidity.

Step 6. Detach the pump nozzle

Once you are done with pumping, you need to remove the nozzle. If there is a flip at the pump’s head, flip it to loosen the nozzle, then carefully detach it.

Immediately tighten the cap to avoid air loss. For the Presta valves, tighten the nut to maintain the inflated air.

Step 7. Test the bike

Once inflation is achieved, you test your bike by riding it. During the testing, you may feel the tire is uncomfortable due to over inflation. In such a case, you should consider deflating it a bit to prevent tire burst. The process ends here.

Things to note when using your pump

  • Each pump comes on a design that is suited to a specific valve. Choosing or forcing the non-compatible pump ends up damaging the valve.
  • If the air loss rate is fast, you may need to assess the immediate loss cause before pumping again.
  • Always check your tires to ensure that they are in the best state to ensure that air loss is not an emergency while cycling.
  • Before and after riding, check on the air status of your bike wheels.
  • It is essential to carry your pump anytime you are off with your bike.


How does a manual bicycle pump work?

The most basic form of a bicycle pump functions via hand-operated piston. During upstroke, this piston draws air into the motor from outside with one way valve while during downstrokes it displaces that same air back out again through your tire’s tube for you to fill as needed.

How much psi can a bike pump handle?

Floor pumps are a common way to inflate bicycle tires and can be used for either Presta valves or Schrader type. They come with two different nozzles that fit into the appropriate hole, each corresponding with one type of valve. Once fitted onto your tire you’ll need do nothing but pump away.

How do you remove a bike pump without losing air?

Avoid over- pressuring your tire. If you want to remove the bike pump without releasing all of its air, unscrew it as soon as possible and hold on tight with one hand while turning freely in order for things like valves or hoses remain near each other rather than being scattered across space.

Why is my bike pump pushing back?

It is important to make sure that the pump’s check valve works properly. If not, water can leak and damage your flooring or other valuable items in your home! The simplest way of testing this would be by connecting a hose from one end (hose attached at valves) then slowly pumping up until you feel resistance when near bottom position before releasing pressure for about 10 seconds while monitoring closely so as not push handle back fully against spring tension since it might cause some problems if too much force was used when pressing plunger down manually
A few things should happen here: firstly air bubbles should start appearing through secondarily they’ll contract once more slightly increasing.

Why won’t my bike tires hold air?

If you connect your floor pump to the valve on its base, and then push up on that handle with all of your might–even though there’s no water coming out at first (because it has an internal check valve), eventually some will start flowing. If this doesn’t work for whatever reason- say if yours is made from metal instead of composite material like so many today are now days -you can try disconnecting one side or another before reconnecting them both again; but keep in mind: This method only works ESPECIALLY well when dealing directly against leaks.


Using your bike pump is very easy. Having a proper understanding of each pump is essential in having an effective pumping of your bike. It is also essential to practice proper storage and use of the pump to lengthen its life span.

Bicycle pumps serve as a very good companion especially during emergencies and unplanned trip. Your pump will ensure that your tires can properly inflate and you can keep going on your journey smoothly. The next time you need to use your bicycle pump, whether at home or on the road, just follow what we have told you here and everything will be alright.

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